Types of Leaves from Work

Knowing about the different types of leave offered by a company plays a crucial role in helping you select the right job offer.

When you work with an organisation, you are entitled to a set of numbers of days as annual leave. That is, for a particular number of days each year you can take time off from work.

Having a sufficient number of days off from work helps employees maintain a good work-life balance and enhances productivity at work. Not only that, annual leave plans are often an important factor taken into consideration by prospective employees when trying to choose between two job offers.

While some kinds of leave are common and mandatory across most organisations, some types of leave are reserved for particular situations and some are unique to the company.

Here’s an overview of the different types of leave you should acquaint yourself with before taking up a job:

Weekly offs: This refers to how many days you have to work in a week. While some companies work 5 days a week, some of them work 6 days a week. Some will make you work every alternate Saturday.

Holidays: These are the national holidays and festivals. National holidays are fixed days (26th January, 15th August and 2nd October in India). Festivals are the various religious or regional celebrations and you will have an annual list of festivals as days off depending on the company or the part of the country you are working in.

Earned Leave: These are the kinds of the leave that you will earn after working for a particular time period, for example, you will be entitled to X number of days of earned leave after working for a year. To avail of your earned leave, you typically have to seek the permission of your manager. In case you do not avail of your earned leave in that particular year, you also have the option of exchanging the same for money.

Read: Need a break? Draft your leave application letter.

Casual Leave: Every company allows you take a number of days off as casual leave. These can be taken together in a row or separately at different points of time in the year. Generally, informing your manager is enough for the leave to be approved, unless there is an emergency. If you take several days of casual leave together in a row, any holidays/weekends coming in between usually get counted towards your casual leave.

Sick Leave: You are allowed a certain number of days as sick leave every year for which no prior permission from your manager is required. This is usually availed for medical cases or emergencies and, in certain situations, you may be required to submit a medical certificate as proof.

Half-day Leave: Certain organisations set aside a particular number of days in a year when you are allowed to come in late or leave early by a few hours without any loss of pay.

Sabbatical: This is time taken off for a long duration, which is usually allowed by companies in case their employee wishes to pursue further studies or training. If such studies or training will be useful for the company, then, instead of resigning, employees can go on a sabbatical and join the company again afterwards.

Maternity/Paternity Leave: Maternity leave is allowed to women employees who are pregnant or are planning to have a baby. A certain period is paid leave, which can be extended but as unpaid leave. Some companies also allow paternity leave for fathers.

Apart from these types of leave, there are many other kinds of leave offered by different companies. An overview of the same might help you make a better decision when choosing between job offers.

Taking time off from work is necessary to refresh the mind and to return to work with a rejuvenated outlook. However, if you find yourself wanting to take too much time off, it could be that you’re not happy with your job.

Read: What to do when you hate your job

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